题 如何从Tkinter文本框小工具获取输入?


如何从Python 2.7.3中的文本框中获取Tkinter输入?

编辑

我问这个问题是为了帮助其他人解决同样的问题 -  是没有示例代码的原因。这个问题困扰了我好几个小时,我用这个问题教别人。  不要把它评价为真正的问题 - 答案是重要的。


50
2018-02-12 01:45


起源




答案:


要从文本框中获取Tkinter输入,您必须向法线添加更多属性 .get() 功能。如果我们有一个文本框 myText_Box,那么这是检索其输入的方法。

def retrieve_input():
    input = self.myText_Box.get("1.0",END)

第一部分, "1.0" 意味着输入应该从第一行读取,字符为零(即:第一个字符)。 END 是导入的常量,设置为字符串 "end"。该 END 部分表示读取,直到到达文本框的末尾。唯一的问题是它实际上为我们的输入添加了一个换行符。所以,为了解决它,我们应该改变 END 至 end-1c(谢谢 布莱恩奥克利-1c 删除1个字符,而 -2c 意味着删除两个字符,依此类推。

def retrieve_input():
    input = self.myText_Box.get("1.0",'end-1c')

74
2018-02-12 01:45



你应该做 "end-1c" 要么 END+"1c",否则你将获得文本小部件总是添加的额外换行符。 - Bryan Oakley
这就是你想要的: .get('1.0', 'end-1c') - Honest Abe
谢谢!出于好奇,如果我写的话 end+1c 会在代码中添加一行吗?最后,Bryan和Honest Abe,非常感谢你们帮我解决我的简单的Tkinter和Python问题。你真的帮助我更深入地理解了这门语言,并且一直很有礼貌,迅速,最重要的是 - 知识渊博。我相信,当我搬到高中及以后,你的建议会对我有所帮助! - xxmbabanexx
这对我不起作用,我明白了 TclError: bad text index "END-1c" - Anonymous Entity
应该是@BryanOakley END+"-1c" 代替 END+"1c" - WoJ


要从python 3中的文本框中获取Tkinter输入,我使用的完整学生级程序如下:

#Imports all (*) classes,
#atributes, and methods of tkinter into the
#current workspace

from tkinter import *

#***********************************
#Creates an instance of the class tkinter.Tk.
#This creates what is called the "root" window. By conventon,
#the root window in Tkinter is usually called "root",
#but you are free to call it by any other name.

root = Tk()
root.title('how to get text from textbox')


#**********************************
mystring = StringVar()

####define the function that the signup button will do
def getvalue():
##    print(mystring.get())
#*************************************

Label(root, text="Text to get").grid(row=0, sticky=W)  #label
Entry(root, textvariable = mystring).grid(row=0, column=1, sticky=E) #entry textbox

WSignUp = Button(root, text="print text", command=getvalue).grid(row=3, column=0, sticky=W) #button


############################################
# executes the mainloop (that is, the event loop) method of the root
# object. The mainloop method is what keeps the root window visible.
# If you remove the line, the window created will disappear
# immediately as the script stops running. This will happen so fast
# that you will not even see the window appearing on your screen.
# Keeping the mainloop running also lets you keep the
# program running until you press the close buton
root.mainloop()

6
2017-12-15 15:07





这是我用python 3.5.2做的方式:

from tkinter import *
root=Tk()
def retrieve_input():
    inputValue=textBox.get("1.0","end-1c")
    print(inputValue)

textBox=Text(root, height=2, width=10)
textBox.pack()
buttonCommit=Button(root, height=1, width=10, text="Commit", 
                    command=lambda: retrieve_input())
#command=lambda: retrieve_input() >>> just means do this when i press the button
buttonCommit.pack()

mainloop()

与此同时,当我在文本小部件中键入“blah blah”并按下按钮时,无论打字输出的是什么。所以我认为这是将用户输入从Text小部件存储到变量的答案。


5
2018-03-24 20:00





为了获得一个字符串 Text 小部件可以简单地使用 get 定义的方法 Text 它接受1到2个参数 start 和 end 人物的位置, text_widget_object.get(start, end=None)。要是 start 通过和 end 未传递它只返回位于的单个字符 start如果 end   也传递,它返回位置之间的所有字符 start 和 end 作为字符串。

还有一些特殊字符串 变量 到底层的Tk。其中之一就是 "end" 要么 tk.END 它表示最后一个char的变量位置 Text 小部件。一个例子是返回窗口小部件中的所有文本 text_widget_object.get('1.0', 'end') 要么 text_widget_object.get('1.0', 'end-1c') 如果你不想要最后一个换行符。

演示

见下面的演示 选择 使用滑块在给定位置之间的字符:

try:
    import tkinter as tk
except:
    import Tkinter as tk


class Demo(tk.LabelFrame):
    """
    A LabeFrame that in order to demonstrate the string returned by the
    get method of Text widget, selects the characters in between the
    given arguments that are set with Scales.
    """

    def __init__(self, master, *args, **kwargs):
        tk.LabelFrame.__init__(self, master, *args, **kwargs)
        self.start_arg = ''
        self.end_arg = None
        self.position_frames = dict()
        self._create_widgets()
        self._layout()
        self.update()


    def _create_widgets(self):
        self._is_two_args = tk.Checkbutton(self,
                                    text="Use 2 positional arguments...")
        self.position_frames['start'] = PositionFrame(self,
                                    text="start='{}.{}'.format(line, column)")
        self.position_frames['end'] = PositionFrame(   self,
                                    text="end='{}.{}'.format(line, column)")
        self.text = TextWithStats(self, wrap='none')
        self._widget_configs()


    def _widget_configs(self):
        self.text.update_callback = self.update
        self._is_two_args.var = tk.BooleanVar(self, value=False)
        self._is_two_args.config(variable=self._is_two_args.var,
                                    onvalue=True, offvalue=False)
        self._is_two_args['command'] = self._is_two_args_handle
        for _key in self.position_frames:
            self.position_frames[_key].line.slider['command'] = self.update
            self.position_frames[_key].column.slider['command'] = self.update


    def _layout(self):
        self._is_two_args.grid(sticky='nsw', row=0, column=1)
        self.position_frames['start'].grid(sticky='nsew', row=1, column=0)
        #self.position_frames['end'].grid(sticky='nsew', row=1, column=1)
        self.text.grid(sticky='nsew', row=2, column=0,
                                                    rowspan=2, columnspan=2)
        _grid_size = self.grid_size()
        for _col in range(_grid_size[0]):
            self.grid_columnconfigure(_col, weight=1)
        for _row in range(_grid_size[1] - 1):
            self.grid_rowconfigure(_row + 1, weight=1)


    def _is_two_args_handle(self):
        self.update_arguments()
        if self._is_two_args.var.get():
            self.position_frames['end'].grid(sticky='nsew', row=1, column=1)
        else:
            self.position_frames['end'].grid_remove()


    def update(self, event=None):
        """
        Updates slider limits, argument values, labels representing the
        get method call.
        """

        self.update_sliders()
        self.update_arguments()


    def update_sliders(self):
        """
        Updates slider limits based on what's written in the text and
        which line is selected.
        """

        self._update_line_sliders()
        self._update_column_sliders()


    def _update_line_sliders(self):
        if self.text.lines_length:
            for _key in self.position_frames:
                self.position_frames[_key].line.slider['state'] = 'normal'
                self.position_frames[_key].line.slider['from_'] = 1
                _no_of_lines = self.text.line_count
                self.position_frames[_key].line.slider['to'] = _no_of_lines
        else:
            for _key in self.position_frames:
                self.position_frames[_key].line.slider['state'] = 'disabled'


    def _update_column_sliders(self):
        if self.text.lines_length:
            for _key in self.position_frames:
                self.position_frames[_key].column.slider['state'] = 'normal'
                self.position_frames[_key].column.slider['from_'] = 0
                _line_no = int(self.position_frames[_key].line.slider.get())-1
                _max_line_len = self.text.lines_length[_line_no]
                self.position_frames[_key].column.slider['to'] = _max_line_len
        else:
            for _key in self.position_frames:
                self.position_frames[_key].column.slider['state'] = 'disabled'


    def update_arguments(self):
        """
        Updates the values representing the arguments passed to the get
        method, based on whether or not the 2nd positional argument is
        active and the slider positions.
        """

        _start_line_no = self.position_frames['start'].line.slider.get()
        _start_col_no = self.position_frames['start'].column.slider.get()
        self.start_arg = "{}.{}".format(_start_line_no, _start_col_no)
        if self._is_two_args.var.get():
            _end_line_no = self.position_frames['end'].line.slider.get()
            _end_col_no = self.position_frames['end'].column.slider.get()
            self.end_arg = "{}.{}".format(_end_line_no, _end_col_no)
        else:
            self.end_arg = None
        self._update_method_labels()
        self._select()


    def _update_method_labels(self):
        if self.end_arg:
            for _key in self.position_frames:
                _string = "text.get('{}', '{}')".format(
                                                self.start_arg, self.end_arg)
                self.position_frames[_key].label['text'] = _string
        else:
            _string = "text.get('{}')".format(self.start_arg)
            self.position_frames['start'].label['text'] = _string


    def _select(self):
        self.text.focus_set()
        self.text.tag_remove('sel', '1.0', 'end')
        self.text.tag_add('sel', self.start_arg, self.end_arg)
        if self.end_arg:
            self.text.mark_set('insert', self.end_arg)
        else:
            self.text.mark_set('insert', self.start_arg)


class TextWithStats(tk.Text):
    """
    Text widget that stores stats of its content:
    self.line_count:        the total number of lines
    self.lines_length:      the total number of characters per line
    self.update_callback:   can be set as the reference to the callback
                            to be called with each update
    """

    def __init__(self, master, update_callback=None, *args, **kwargs):
        tk.Text.__init__(self, master, *args, **kwargs)
        self._events = ('<KeyPress>',
                        '<KeyRelease>',
                        '<ButtonRelease-1>',
                        '<ButtonRelease-2>',
                        '<ButtonRelease-3>',
                        '<Delete>',
                        '<<Cut>>',
                        '<<Paste>>',
                        '<<Undo>>',
                        '<<Redo>>')
        self.line_count = None
        self.lines_length = list()
        self.update_callback = update_callback
        self.update_stats()
        self.bind_events_on_widget_to_callback( self._events,
                                                self,
                                                self.update_stats)


    @staticmethod
    def bind_events_on_widget_to_callback(events, widget, callback):
        """
        Bind events on widget to callback.
        """

        for _event in events:
            widget.bind(_event, callback)


    def update_stats(self, event=None):
        """
        Update self.line_count, self.lines_length stats and call
        self.update_callback.
        """

        _string = self.get('1.0', 'end-1c')
        _string_lines = _string.splitlines()
        self.line_count = len(_string_lines)
        del self.lines_length[:]
        for _line in _string_lines:
            self.lines_length.append(len(_line))
        if self.update_callback:
            self.update_callback()


class PositionFrame(tk.LabelFrame):
    """
    A LabelFrame that has two LabelFrames which has Scales.
    """

    def __init__(self, master, *args, **kwargs):
        tk.LabelFrame.__init__(self, master, *args, **kwargs)
        self._create_widgets()
        self._layout()


    def _create_widgets(self):
        self.line = SliderFrame(self, orient='vertical', text="line=")
        self.column = SliderFrame(self, orient='horizontal', text="column=")
        self.label = tk.Label(self, text="Label")


    def _layout(self):
        self.line.grid(sticky='ns', row=0, column=0, rowspan=2)
        self.column.grid(sticky='ew', row=0, column=1, columnspan=2)
        self.label.grid(sticky='nsew', row=1, column=1)
        self.grid_rowconfigure(1, weight=1)
        self.grid_columnconfigure(1, weight=1)


class SliderFrame(tk.LabelFrame):
    """
    A LabelFrame that encapsulates a Scale.
    """

    def __init__(self, master, orient, *args, **kwargs):
        tk.LabelFrame.__init__(self, master, *args, **kwargs)

        self.slider = tk.Scale(self, orient=orient)
        self.slider.pack(fill='both', expand=True)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    root = tk.Tk()
    demo = Demo(root, text="text.get(start, end=None)")

    with open(__file__) as f:
        demo.text.insert('1.0', f.read())
    demo.text.update_stats()
    demo.pack(fill='both', expand=True)
    root.mainloop()

2
2018-01-27 15:51





我认为这是一种更好的方式 -

variable1=StringVar() # Value saved here

def search():
  print(variable1.get())
  return ''

ttk.Entry(mainframe, width=7, textvariable=variable1).grid(column=2, row=1)

ttk.Label(mainframe, text="label").grid(column=1, row=1)

ttk.Button(mainframe, text="Search", command=search).grid(column=2, row=13)

按下按钮,将打印文本字段中的值。 但请确保单独导入ttk。

完整的代码 为一个 基本申请 是 -

from tkinter import *
from tkinter import ttk

root=Tk()
mainframe = ttk.Frame(root, padding="10 10 12 12")
mainframe.grid(column=0, row=0, sticky=(N, W, E, S))
mainframe.columnconfigure(0, weight=1)
mainframe.rowconfigure(0, weight=1)


variable1=StringVar() # Value saved here

def search():
  print(variable1.get())
  return ''

ttk.Entry(mainframe, width=7, textvariable=variable1).grid(column=2, row=1)

ttk.Label(mainframe, text="label").grid(column=1, row=1)

ttk.Button(mainframe, text="Search", command=search).grid(column=2, row=13)

root.mainloop()

1
2018-05-19 14:30